Site Action Department

Partnering with IPs to save biodiversity in Occidental Mindoro

FGD with tribal leaders from Mangyan Alangan’s tribe in Sitio Culasisi, Bgy. Batongbuhay, Sablayan municipality.This project is supported by the DENR together with Haribon’s Project Team through the Biodiversity Partnership Project (BPP), UNDP GEF and other key government agencies and the LGU Sablayan.

By Laarni Jocson, Haribon Foundation’s Communications Officer

Since the Biodiversity Partnerships Project’s (BPP) formal launch in November 21, 2012, partner national organizations such as Haribon Foundation is coordinating with the implementing head, the Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB) of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). The Foundation is responding through cohesive method to enable and facilitate policies at the municipal and national levels while empowering the Local Government Unit’s (LGU) capability to include biodiversity conservation in local development planning.

Haribon is the Responsible Partner (RP) for BPP in Mt. Siburan Key Biodiversity Area/Important Bird Area (IBA) of Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro by mainstreaming biodiversity conservation in local agricultural landscapes. Portion of about 5,000- hectare Siburan KBA/IBA is an ancestral domain of a Mangyan tribe; and believed by the locales to be a habitat of globally-threatened Tamaraw Bubalus mindorensis. The project coordinated with the office of the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) based in Sablayan to obtain endorsement and facilitate the link and engagement between the project and local tribe to implement BPP. Mr. Reynaldo F. Tupas, CDOM/ Field Officer NCIP-Sablayan Service Center narrates, “Ang Tao Buid (a sub-tribe of Mangyan tribe) ang primary concern sa proyektong ito. They understand the concept of biodiversity because it’s within their own community. They are also the direct managers and proponents (of the forests). Haribon was very active in coordination with us to communicate with this tribe since 2012. Our office was trying to cement an ancestral domain program for the IPs, so we also wanted to incorporate BPP thrusts to better manage the long-term sustainability of their ancestral lands– the forests.”

Focus group discussions with IPs

Focus group discussions with IPs

In their decision making, they had to consult all tribes far deep in the forest. Any inconsistencies with the data given were probed to the satisfaction of all tribal councils and the entire community. Any so-called outsiders to whom they call “taong unat” (referring to straight-haired people) and taga-baba/patag (communities living outside the forest) had to earn their trust and respect first. The main goal was to make them actively participate in the formulation of LGU Sablayan’s Forest Land Use Plan (FLUP) and in the implementation of biodiversity-friendly agriculture enterprises in Siburan. Mr. Tupas says, “On the inners (IPs who live in highlands), they analyze their information based on their beliefs, culture and tradition. Maraming proseso ang pinagdadaanan bago sila magbigay ng final decision.” Soon enough, Haribon became the face of BPP to the IP communities because of its unwavering commitment, honesty, and continuous engagement with them.

Because Mr. Tupas himself belongs to Tadyawan tribe, a Mangyan sub-tribe in Oriental Mindoro, he knows first-hand how it is to live as an IP. He shared how they, as a tribe, intrinsically believe that each organism has a vital role and a guiding spirit that they must acknowledge before they take its life. Hunting for example has a ceremonial on its own. They pray and time it according to season. Even cutting off trees for clearing forest lands have the same rituals. Therefore it’s only natural for them to participate in conserving and saving the forest because it doesn’t only support all life forms but serves as their home as well. He lamented that it’s the lowlanders that forced and still forcing these tribes to engage in excessive hunting and logging so they could have means to survive in the modern times. The nomadic nature of the Mangyans in general are also changing as they turn the forest into a permanent agriculture area so they could keep up with the lowlanders’ demands which if left unmonitored, would change the forest’s natural elements.

To address this issue, where the indigenous peoples is one of the project partners to implement BPP, the project ensured that their voice and commitment be heard and included in developing strategies on biodiversity-friendly livelihoods and forest governance.
Hariboon is committed to implement BPP on Siburan KBA/IBA until December 2015.

Donations help us not only buy specific equipment, information and educational materials but, more importantly, it buys skills and time for our project sites. Call Haribon: +63 (2) 421-1209 and/or email:  act@haribon.org.ph to make a donation today!

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